OPCW experts help Malawi legally implement the Chemical Weapons Convention

The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) provided legislative assistance to representatives of the Republic of Malawi during a National Legislative Review Forum held online on 30 May 2022.

Forums of this type provide Member States with the opportunity to discuss, in close consultation with experts from the OPCW Technical Secretariat, their legislative frameworks relating to the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) and/or draft legislation of application, the adoption of which is under consideration. Ms. Angela Nkata, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malawi, said: “This comprehensive training has provided us with practical, country-specific guidance on putting in place a national legislative framework that will ensure the full and effective implementation of the CAC at the national level. ”.

The Head of the OPCW’s Implementation Support Service said: “Through these legal technical assistance activities, the OPCW strives to support Member States in ensuring that their legislative framework or their implementing legislation is fully compliant with their CWC obligations. Our goal is to equip country delegates with the knowledge and tools to help them identify potential implementation gaps, while providing them with practical, personalized advice on how they might address them. Strengthening the capacities of Member States in this area improves the accuracy of reporting, reduces gaps in the implementation of national legislation and, therefore, strengthens international peace and security.

The forum brought together eight delegates from the Malawi National Authority for the Chemical Weapons Convention, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Defense and Permanent Representation to the OPCW.

Background

As of 31 July 2021, 22 of the 52 OPCW Member States in Africa have adopted comprehensive national legislation implementing all State Party obligations under the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC).

Five National Legislative Review Forums have been held since the initiative was launched in 2020.

The OPCW’s Implementation Support Service offers a range of programs that help OPCW Member States develop and adopt national legislation implementing the Chemical Weapons Convention. This includes sensitization and sensitization activities, legal technical assistance workshops and capacity building programs. The service also reviews and comments on draft national implementing legislation submitted to the OPCW by Member States.

As the implementing body of the Chemical Weapons Convention, the OPCW, with its 193 member states, oversees the global effort to eliminate chemical weapons forever. Since the Convention entered into force in 1997, it has been the most successful disarmament treaty, eliminating an entire class of weapons of mass destruction.

Over 99% of all declared chemical weapons stockpiles have been destroyed under OPCW verification. For its tremendous efforts in eliminating chemical weapons, the OPCW was awarded the 2013 Nobel Peace Prize.

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